Holidays and Appointed Times

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Pesach ~ פסח

Passover  (Hebrew: פֶּסַח Pesach) commemorates the story of the Exodus, in which  the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. Passover begins  on the 15th day of the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is  in spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and is celebrated for seven or  eight days. It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.  

Shavuot ~ שבועות

The  festival of Shavuot (or Shavuos, in Ashkenazi usage; Shabhuʿoth in  Classical and Mizrahi Hebrew Hebrew: שבועות, lit. "Weeks") is a Jewish  holiday that occurs on the sixth day of the Hebrew month of Sivan (late  May or early June). Shavuot commemorates the anniversary of the day God  gave the Torah to the entire Israelite nation assembled at Mount Sinai,  although the association between the giving of the Torah (Matan Torah)  and Shavuot is not explicit in the Biblical text. The holiday is one of  the Shalosh Regalim, the three Biblical pilgrimage festivals. It marks  the conclusion of the Counting of the Omer.  

Tish'a B'Av ~ תשעה באב

Tisha  B'Av (Hebrew: תשעה באב or ט׳ באב, "the Ninth of Av,") is an annual fast  day in Judaism, named for the ninth day (Tisha) of the month of Av in  the Hebrew calendar. The fast commemorates the destruction of both the  First Temple and Second Temple in Jerusalem, which occurred about 655  years apart, but on the same Hebrew calendar date. Tisha B'Av is never  observed on Shabbat. If the 9th of Av falls on a Saturday, the fast is  postponed until the 10th of Av.  

Yom Teruah/Rosh Hashana ~ ראש השנה

Rosh  Hashanah (Hebrew: ראש השנה), (literally "head of the year"), is the  Jewish New Year. It is the first of the High Holidays or Yamim Noraim  ("Days of Awe"), celebrated ten days before Yom Kippur. Rosh Hashanah is  observed on the first two days of Tishrei, the seventh month of the  Hebrew calendar. It is described in the Torah as יום תרועה (Yom Teru'ah,  a day of sounding [the Shofar]).  

Yom Kippur ~ יום כפור

Yom  Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר or יום הכיפורים), Also known as Day of  Atonement, is the holiest day of the year for the Jews. Its central  themes are atonement and repentance. Jews traditionally observe this  holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often  spending most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur completes the  annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days (or sometimes "the  Days of Awe").  

Sukkot ~ סוכות

Sukkot  (Hebrew: סוכות or סֻכּוֹת, sukkōt, or sukkos, Feast of Booths, Feast of  Tabernacles) is a Biblical holiday celebrated on the 15th day of the  month of Tishrei (late September to late October). It is one of the  three biblically mandated festivals Shalosh regalim on which Jews were  commanded to make a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem. 

Holidays and Appointed times continued

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Shmini Atzeret ~ שמיני עצרת

Shemini  Atzeret (שמיני עצרת - "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish  holiday. It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei  (first month of calendar). In the Diaspora, an additional day is  celebrated, the second day being separately referred to as Simchat  Torah. In Israel and Reform Judaism, the holidays of Shemini Atzeret and  Simchat Torah are combined into a single day and the names are used  interchangeably.  

Simchat Torah ~ ערב שמחת תורה

Simchat  Torah or Simḥath Torah (also Simkhes Toreh, Hebrew: שִׂמְחַת תורָה,  lit., "Rejoicing with/of the Torah,") is a celebration marking the  conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings, and the  beginning of a new cycle. Simchat Torah is a component of the Biblical  Jewish holiday of Shemini Atzeret ("Eighth Day of Assembly"), which  follows immediately after the festival of Sukkot in the month of Tishrei  (mid-September to early October on the Gregorian calendar).  

Hanukkah ~ חנוכה

Hanukkah  (Hebrew: חֲנֻכָּה, usually spelled חנוכה pronounced [χanuˈka] in Modern  Hebrew, also romanized as Chanukah or Chanuka), also known as the  Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the  rededication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple) in Jerusalem at the  time of the Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BCE. Hanukkah is  observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev  according to the Hebrew calendar, which may occur at any time from late  November to late December in the Gregorian calendar.  

Purim ~ פורים

Purim  (Hebrew: פּוּרִים, Pûrîm "lots", from the word pur, related to Akkadian  pūru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the deliverance of the  Jewish people in the ancient Persian Empire from destruction in the wake  of a plot by Haman, a story recorded in the Biblical Book of Esther  (Megillat Esther).